Half-time: Brentford 3 Fulham 0

first_imgScott Hogan scored twice as Brentford embarrassed Fulham in the first half of the west London derby at Griffin Park. The Bees raced into a 2-0 lead inside seven minutes, with former Fulham youth player Sam Saunders chipping keeper Marcus Bettinelli on the breakaway for the opener.Striker Hogan, making his first start for Brentford, ruthlessly fired home the second having been put through by Konstantin Kerschbaumer.And Hogan bagged his fifth goal since returning from long-term knee injury just before the break when he smashed in Saunders’ corner on the volley.Fulham struggled to create chances, with 19-year-old left-back Tom Field impressive on his Brentford debut, but the Whites hit the post through Ross McCormack on 42 minutes.McCormack had earlier missed the target with a free-kick and put Jazz Richards through on goal only for the full-back to misdirect a close-range header.Brentford: Button; Colin, Dean, Barbet, Field; Yennaris, Woods; Saunders, Kerschbaumer, Canos; Hogan.Subs: Bonham, Clarke, O’Connell, Cole, Swift, Gogia, Hofmann.Fulham: Bettinelli, Richards, Stearman, Amorebieta, Ream; Parker, Ince; Cairney, Christensen, Tunnicliffe; McCormack.Subs: Lonergan, Fredericks, Burn, O’Hara, Hyndman, Dembele, Smith.last_img read more

Stone Tools May Be Crocodile Stomach Stones

first_img“Were crocodiles responsible for the stones we call tools?” is the title of a surprising letter to the editor in Nature last week.1  Patrick Dempsey (the archaeologist, not the actor) raised a possibility that paleoanthropologists and the journals have been making a big mistake for a long time.  He asked, “Could Nature have been unknowingly publishing papers for the past 80 years about crocodilian gastroliths (stomach stones) instead of stones concluded to be 2.5-million-year-old hominid tools?”    Surely anthropologists have thought of this and know how to tell the difference, right?  “Palaeontologists use a simple eyeball test to distinguish stone tools from gastroliths,” Dempsey said.  If there are only wear marks on the outer surface, it’s a gastrolith.  “But wear on both inner and outer surfaces indicates that it has been used for some sort of pounding or battering and can confidently be considered a tool.”  That’s the thinking, but Dempsey stared at photographs from a recent paper in Nature by 18 scientists claiming stones from Africa were tools,2 and noticed the stones only had wear on extended surfaces.  These were not tools.  According to him, they had been tumbling inside some crocodile stomach for awhile.  How could so many scientists be mistaken?Identification of the Oldowan specimens as tools is based on the fact that the soft relict sands of Olduvai Gorge contain no natural stones of their own, so any stone found there must have been moved from distant river beds by some unknown animal transporter – concluded by high science to be Homo habilis.  But crocodiles have the curious habit of swallowing rocks: these account for 1% of their body weight, so for a 1-tonne crocodile that’s 10 kg of stones in its stomach at all times.  Surprisingly, science has never even considered the crocodile as transporter.Homo habilis is nicknamed “Handy man” by evolutionary anthropologists because of assumed evidence he was a toolmaker.  Dempsey’s scenario for the tool evidence, however, pictures crocs on ancient riverbeds vomiting up their gastroliths with no handymen in sight.  “Hippo herds would naturally trample riverside gravel stones into the shape of Oldowan cutting tools, quantities of which the crocodile would then swallow and transport to other places.”  The stones were deposited at the river edge where the crocodiles lived and died.So far, all East African Oldowan specimens have come from the same waterside environments where crocodiles are known to have dwelt.  Millions, perhaps trillions, of transported crocodile stomach stones must remain where the old crocodiles left them, deep in relict East African sediments, though none has ever been reported.A quick Google search does not reveal any response to this letter yet.  A future issue of Nature will undoubtedly contain rebuttals – probably from the 18 anthropologists accused of misidentifying the Oldowan stones.  The point is that science needs to be open to alternative interpretations of mute historical evidence.  The fact that Nature published this letter and even dressed it up with a Sidney Harris cartoon of a croc ordering stones at a fast-food counter indicates that the editors felt Dempsey’s letter deserves a response.  We’ll have to wait and see if that comes after awhile, crocodile.1.  Patrick Dempsey, “Were crocodiles responsible for the stones we call tools?” Correspondence, Nature 461, 341 (17 September 2009) | doi:10.1038/461341a; Published online 16 September 2009.2.  Haslam et al, “Primate archaeology,” Nature 460, 339-344 (16 July 2009) | doi:10.1038/nature08188.3.    Recently, Dempsey also questioned interpretations of “stone tools” in the California desert by the late great Louis Leakey.  His publication by the SCA Society alleges they were products of lightning spalls at the same location that had been reported in a scientific paper 25 years earlier.  The fact that a famous scientist could be so mistaken is what led him to also question the stone tool interpretation at Olduvai Gorge.We’re not taking sides till the rebuttals are in, but wouldn’t it be funny if the paleoanthropologists in “high science” have been goofing for 80 years?  Actually, it’s not so funny if our children have been told falsehoods about Homo habilis for the last four generations.  The evolutionary storytellers are likely to be upset with this upstart “Great Basin avocationalist” throwing stones into their glass house.  They will need to preserve their reputations as much as the evolutionary Myth of Handy Man evolving into Man the Wise.    What can we learn from this story?  For one, stones do not interpret themselves.  It takes a fallible human to put them into an artificial explanatory framework.  Other fallible humans can look at the framework to see how well the evidence fits, but fallible humans make mistakes (by definition).  Second, scientists sometimes get on bandwagons.  They train each other and learn how to interpret the evidence according to the reigning paradigm.  The paradigm can become self-reinforcing.  Science needs observers outside the box who aren’t affected by bluffing and peer pressure.  Third, evolutionists have been caught again using design detection principles in spite of themselves, but this time, they may have reported a false positive.  Fourth, where indeed are the trillions of gastroliths that should be there if this site was inhabited by crocs and hippos for millions of years?    Finally, some paradigms can become so intransigent that contrary evidence may not dislodge them.  In the cartoon strip Peanuts, Lucy was showing Charlie Brown a butterfly on the sidewalk one day.  She explained that butterflies this large usually are found in Brazil.  Looking closer, Charlie Brown exclaimed, “That’s no butterfly, it’s a potato chip!” to which Lucy responded, “Well I’ll be, you’re right, Charlie Brown.  I wonder how a potato chip got all the way here from Brazil?”    If the paleoanthropologists come to agree with Dempsey that the Oldowan stones are indeed gastroliths, they will not likely apologize for 80 years of mythology about Homo habilis.  They will just merge the antithesis into a new synthesis.  They will claim that the Handy Men were so handy, they even kept crocodiles as pets and harvested their gastroliths to use as tools.  An alternative interpretation might be the classification of a new genus, Crocodylus habilis.  Irrefutable complicity; wouldn’t that be a handy crock.(Visited 109 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Mandela Day 2014: it’s in our hands now

first_imgThe 2014 Nelson Mandela Day International Day campaign was officially launched in Johannesburg in April . Celebrated across the globe in honour of the late statesman’s birthday on 18 July, the day gives everyone the opportunity to emulate Mandela’s role as public servant. “Mandela Day is not only about doing good, it is about service,” Nelson Mandela Foundation CEO Sello Hatang said at the launch event. “It is an opportunity to build upon Mr Mandela’s lifelong belief that we must live to serve every day, in whatever we do.” This year’s Mandela Day will be particularly symbolic in that it offers South Africans, and the world, an occasion to honour the ethos of the late Mr Mandela in the year that marks South Africa’s 20th year of democracy. Professor Njabulo Ndebele, the foundation’s chairperson, said South Africa should use the event to “position itself as a shining example of what can happen when people come together to address social injustices and do good”. Mandela Day, the foundation said in a statement, creates an opportunity for society’s “haves” and “have nots” to work together to confront social ills within their communities and to build a better world. Deputy President Kgalema Motlanthe, also speaking at the launch event, said: “Nelson Mandela fought for social justice for 67 years of his life. It is not too much to ask that we devote 67 minutes of each day in each year to honour his lifelong legacy. This is a day that inspires all of humanity and reminds us of our public service to each other.” Mandela’s passing away in December was “all the more reason we have to up the ante, ensuring that this day is imbued with durable meaning that reverberates across time and space,” Motlanthe said. “In 2014, let us all support the Nelson Mandela International Day campaign, mindful of both the global contexts and the contexts of our own communities. This is not only about doing good; it is about building the cultures that will make a difference in the world.” The idea of Mandela Day was inspired by Mandela at his 90th birthday celebrations in London’s Hyde Park in 2008, when he said: “It is time for new hands to lift the burdens. It is in your hands now.” The United Nations officially declared 18 July as Nelson Mandela International Day in November 2009, recognising Mandela’s “values and his dedication to the service of humanity” and acknowledging his contribution “to the struggle for democracy internationally and the promotion of a culture of peace throughout the world”. The Mandela Day campaign asks that individuals, groups and corporates pledge 67 minutes of their time on 18 July, and every day thereafter, to give back. This can be by supporting a charity or serving the community. No matter how small the action, the aim is to change the world for the better – just as Mandela did. SAinfo reporterlast_img read more

South Africa’s Gift of the Givers turns 23

first_img11 August 2015Gift of the Givers, the internationally renowned aid organisation that is based in Pietermaritzburg, reached a milestone when it celebrated its 23rd anniversary on 6 August.It has been congratulated on its achievement by a number of organisations and government departments.“We honour our association with an organisation that has made an incalculable contribution to the upliftment of the under-privileged, not just in South Africa but around the world,” said the Department of Environmental Affairs.The department noted the humanitarian and disaster relief work done by the NGO. “Gift of the Givers provides aid to 40 different countries around the globe. Its humanitarian services know no boundaries of race, colour, or creed.”Thanking people for their support, whether that be through donations or contribution of skills, the NGO said: “There will be no celebration, no party, no cutting of cake but only a silent prayer of thankfulness to the Almighty, for through His permission, we have managed to serve millions of people worldwide.“We appreciate the contribution of every single person, be it cash or kind, be it R1 or R100 000; be it in the form of prayer, words of support, well wishes, advice or promoting our activities through whatever manner.”Gift of the Givers workers were described as South Africa’s brand ambassadors. As part of its humanitarian aid, the organisation provides highly skilled medical personnel to those most in need.“Twenty-one years into democracy, South Africa continues to face challenges that are the legacy of centuries of discrimination and deprivation of the majority,” said the Department of Environmental Affairs. “But we have much to be proud of: we have come a long way.”About Gift of the GiversThe organisation describes itself as the largest disaster response NGO of African origin on the African continent.Based in the KwaZulu-Natal capital, it was established by Dr Imtiaz Sooliman, a South African, on the instruction of a spiritual teacher, Sheik Muhammed Saffer Effendi al Jerrahi, in Istanbul, Turkey on 6 August 1992.Since then, Gift of the Givers has delivered lifesaving aid in the form of search and rescue teams, medical personnel, medical equipment, medical supplies, medicines, vaccines, anti-malarial medication, high energy and protein supplements, food and water to millions of people in 41 countries, South Africa included.SAinfo reporterlast_img read more

Drug money funds terror acts in India

first_imgA nexus among Pakistan’s Inter Services Intelligence (ISI), Maoists and insurgent groups of North-East is using money earned from drug trafficking to fund terror activities in India, official sources have said.Major drug seizures on the India- Nepal border in the past four months have put a spotlight on this revenue generation strategy adopted by terror groups. Intelligence sources say that the ISI, Maoists and north- eastern groups are hand in glove.In the last four months, Custom officials have seized more than 10 kg of heroin worth Rs 60 crore in international market from the India- Nepal border in Bihar’s Araria district. Apart from this, 1,000 kg of marijuana and four kg of charas were also seized in the same area.”The amount of seizure made in the last four months from the Indo- Nepal border drastically exceeds the seizure made in years from across the country. In the past, not more than three- four kg of heroin was recovered during the entire year,” said a Custom official, who is a part of the team probing the seizures.While only two arrests have been made in the five cases, counter- terror agencies suspect that the terror nexus is behind this international drug racket.”This is definitely the most lucrative method of generating funds…The Maoists have managed to procure hi- tech weapons from the US and China. Where is the money coming from?” an intelligence official said . The information about the big seizures has been shared by other agencies. The Directorate of Revenue Intelligence ( DRI) and the Intelligence Bureau have also been roped in. A detailed dossier, with all information on the drug syndicate and its links with terror outfits, is also being prepared.The DRI has already prepared a detailed note on the ongoing probe and forwarded it to intelligence agencies.Even the National Investigation Agency ( NIA) – probing the arms procurement of the Maoists – is looking into the financial aspect.Sources say the entire machinery is well- organised.The procurement is being done by the ISI, while the stocking and distribution are done by the Maoists and N- E insurgents.Many smugglers are former Maoists who facilitate the drug trade. The drugs being procured are from two blocks – the golden triangle: Iran, Afghanistan and Iraq; and the golden crescent: Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia and Laos.What has shocked agencies is that unlike in the past, drugs are also being used in India. “Traditionally India was only a transit route, but now the demand for various drugs is increasing within the country,” said an official from the Narcotics Control Bureau.advertisementlast_img read more

Rinspeed Microsnap shrinks down for CES 2019

first_img Share your voice Concept Cars Electric Cars Auto Tech Rinspeed MicroSnap is a tiny, do-it-all electric pod Self-driving cars Last year at CES 2018, Rinspeed showed off its wild Snap concept, which blended autonomy with a hot-swappable “skateboard” platform. Rinspeed must have invented a shrink ray in the last year, because at CES 2019, it’s a fair bit smaller.Say hello to the Rinspeed MicroSnap, the latest concept from the wild minds behind the Swiss vehicle design house. Building on last year’s Snap, the MicroSnap shrinks the whole concept down to the size of a Renault Twizy, a European-market electric two-seater. Like its big-boy brethren, the MicroSnap’s platform is meant for fast swapping of the pods on top, which can be used to transport people or goods, depending on need.So why shrink it? Rinspeed says it’s to accommodate the explosion of online ordering, including fresh groceries. By making its concept small enough, the MicroSnap can focus on targeted deliveries that ensure fresh food arrives fresh. That idea works for human transportation, as well, offering direct routes without wasting time dealing with multiple parties.Enlarge ImageIt’s ready for both work and play, just not at the same time. Rinspeed “Customers increasingly want prompt deliveries and many passengers are unwilling to use shared taxis, which have to take time-consuming detours by design,” said Frank M. Rinderknecht, owner of Rinspeed, in a statement.Rinspeed never stops at the design stage with its concepts. The MicroSnap has been thought through from soup to nuts. It can display digital license plates, and the exterior lights use different colors to communicate different concepts to pedestrians. The human-transport pod can track a rider’s health and change the interior lights to improve the mood. There’s a 49-inch curved LED screen offering interaction for riders. There’s even an iris scanner to recognize occupants. It’s also 5G-capable, because of course it is.As you might expect, the Rinspeed MicroSnap is entirely electric. All the wear-and-tear components are relegated to the “skateboard” platform at the bottom, and Rinspeed says that they can be swapped in and out relatively quickly. As for the actual pod swapping itself, Rinspeed also create a robot assembly that uses articulating arms to remove and replace pods depending on what the concept needs to do next. It’s some real pie-in-the-sky stuff, but that’s what CES is all about. 2020 BMW M340i review: A dash of M makes everything better More From Roadshow 2020 Kia Telluride review: Kia’s new SUV has big style and bigger value Self-driving cars: Stay up to date on all the latest news in autonomy.CES 2019: Check out our favorite gadgets from the show in this constantly updating gallery. 0 Post a comment 41 Photos CES 2019 2020 Hyundai Palisade review: Posh enough to make Genesis jealous Tagslast_img read more

Bigil posters Here is what celebs say about Thalapathy Vijays looks

first_imgA collage of Vijay’s Bigil posters.PR HandoutThe three posters from Vijay’s upcoming movie Bigil has garnered unanimous positive response from cine-goers. The posters presented the actor in two avatar of a gangster and a footballer.Going by the posters, the name of Vijay in Bigil is Michael. The actor was seen in aged avatar as well as youngster. Thus giving credence to the rumours of Thalapathy playing dual roles in the Atlee Kumar-directorial.However, on close observation, there are striking similarities between the looks of Vijay. Notably, the moustache and beard are more or less the same between the two avatars. It appears like the posters showcased the actor’s looks from different periods in the Tamil flick.His simple, yet raw avatars has been appreciated by celebrities, cutting across language barriers. Check out the comments made by the actor and also their birthday wishes to Vijay, who turned 45 on Saturday, 22 June.Mohan Raja: The only two people who believed the creator in me before anybody else in the industry – Actor Vijay n kalpathi Aghoram sir both together in one project #bigil Wishing only the bestest of success to them @actorvijay @archanakalpathi @agscinemas CONGRATS to @Atlee_dirSJ Suryah: Happy birthday ⁦@actorvijay⁩ sir …. tetra terra Mazza …..congrats Dir ⁦@Atlee_dir⁩ sir and ⁦@archanakalpathi⁩ and teamSivakarthikeyan: Happy birthday #ThalapathyVijay sir Best wishes to @Atlee_dir #Nayanthara @agscinemas and full #BIGIL team for a huge successRashmika Mandanna: Happy birthday @actorvijay sir . Waiting for #Bigil release.thaman S: Many more happy returns to @actorvijay sir ♥️ Such a smart mass title this is #bigil That #cyclechain in hand Can feel the #masssss already ‍♂️Adam Morley: A very happy birthday Thalapathy Vijay @actorvijay #HBDThalapathyVIJAY a true and humble gentlemanNivin Pauly: Wishing ilayathalapathy Vijay Sir, a very happy birthday! Thank you for inspiring us! Best wishes for #Bigil @actorvijayDEVI SRI PRASAD: HAPPIEST MUSICAL BIRTHDAY to Dearest Ilayathalapathy @actorvijay sir..the Simple Down to earth Human !! Keep Rocking na !! Always a pleasure being associated wit U ! & Love d poster of #BIGIL !! Super @Atlee_dir sir !! #HBDThalapathyVIJAYJayam Ravi: Happy birthday @actorvijay na Have a blessed year. Bigil looks powerful! Best wishes to the entire teamKeerthy Suresh: One word! VERITHANAM! #BIGIL Happy Birthday to the one and only Thalapathy @actorvijay sir! Best wishes nanbas! @atlee_dir @dop_gkvishnu @am_kathir @archanakalpathi #happybirthdayTHALAPATHYKajal Aggarwal: Birthday wishes to one of the most humble and grounded people I’ve worked with… Happy birthday, @actorvijay 🙂 Stay as amazing as you are !! Sending my best wishes for #BIGILTovino Thomas: Happy Birthday @ActorVijay #HBDEminentVijay All the best to #BigilKathir: #BIGIL BIGIL!! BIGIL!!!! #BIGIL who Is born to create history!!! It’s gonna be next leap in my career with all ur love. Happy Birthday @actorvijay na!! Thank you @Atlee_dir @Ags_production @Jagadishbliss @dop_gkvishnu @gopiprasannaa @archanakalpathi @arrahman #HBDEminentVijaySibi Sathyaraj: Thalaivaaaaaaa! Can’t wait to #BIGIL! #Thalapathy63FLDay #HBDEminentVIJAYHema Rukmani: Semma…Cant get over it ! Ppah ! #pakkamass #BIGIL @Atlee_dir @Ags_production @arrahman #HBDEminentVijay @MuraliRamasamy4 @ThenandalFilmsEesha Rebba: Happiest Birthday to #ThalapathyVijay sir @actorvijay Wishing you good health and all the happiness in the world ❤️ #HBDEminentVijayVishal: This is Awesome…. #BigilVignesh Shivan: Happy birthday to the ever young, amazing @actorvijay sir #Thalapathy ageing in reverse Wishin the best for @Atlee_dir @archanakalpathi @arrahman sir #Nayanthara @dop_gkvishnu @gopiprasannaa @AntonyLRuben & the entire team for a #Bigil parakkum Blockbuster #BigilDiwaliAnirudh Ravichander: Happy birthday dear @actorvijay sir #Bigil on @Atlee_dirVISHNU VISHAL – VV: Happy #bigil bday @actorvijay na:)Athulya Ravi: Wishing you many many happy returns of the day to our one and only thalapathy @actorvijay #Happybirthdayeminentvijay #Thalapathy63 #BIGIL #ThalapathyBirthdayCelebration #Bigil2ndLookThiru: Happy Birthday vijay sir. #BIGIL looks Terrific #HBDthalapathyNeerajaa Kona: Happy birthday Vijay sir #BIGILSimran: Damn, the changeover This is magnificent! Happy Birthday @actorvijay in advance… Best wishes #Bigil team!Dr. Dhananjayan BOFTA: #BigilFirstLook is quite impressive with Double #HBDEminentVijay …a sports based film is a sure shot success. Best wishes Dir. @Atlee_dir #Vijay sir @archanakalpathi & Team. Diwali going to be a dhamakalast_img read more