Vermont Law School report blasts use of corn-based ethanol

first_imgVermont Law School,Long heralded as a green alternative to fossil fuel, corn-based ethanol has become a costly distraction that chiefly benefits corporate, political and lobbying interests rather than the American public, the environment, small farmers and rural communities, according to a new report by Vermont Law School’s Institute for Energy and the Environment (IEE) and Food & Water Watch, a Washington, D.C.-based nonprofit. Titled ‘Crystal Eth: America’s Crippling Addiction to Taxpayer-financed Ethanol,’ the report concludes that corn-based ethanol is unlikely to significantly reduce America’s dependence on imported oil, has a negligible ability to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, contributes to environmental degradation in coastal waters and has been an economic boon for agribusiness giants managed in absentia rather than small and medium-size, locally owned farms, farm cooperatives and ethanol refineries. The report is available on the IEE website at: http://www.vermontlaw.edu/energy/publications/(link is external)The report examines the political contributions and lobbying efforts of some of the largest corporate ethanol refiners to garner ever-larger subsidies, and how the growth of corporate consolidation in the corn-based ethanol sector has been an unintended result of America’s renewable transportation fuel politics, policies and subsidies. The report estimates that ethanol refiners have received at least $22.8 billion in total government financial support between 1999 and 2008.The report recommends that:Corn-based ethanol subsidies should be phased out completely over the next few years in favor of subsidies to biofuel alternatives that are more efficient, economically feasible and environmentally friendly, such as cellulosic and algae biofuel refiners.The renewable fuel standard should be amended to lower the amount of corn-based ethanol qualifying for government quotas.Renewable fuel standards should be increased for second- and third-generation biofuels such as cellulosic ethanol and algae-based biodiesel, which should only receive support if they meet sustainability criteria to qualify for subsidies. These could include a net energy gain for cellulosic or other biodiesel fuels, reduced water utilization, limiting the indirect land use impact on food production and eschewing emerging higher-risk technologies such as nanotechnology and synthetic biology.Farmers who produce and consume their own biofuels on the farm should be rewarded by an energy tax credit for each gallon of ethanol, biodiesel or vegetable oil that they use instead of fossil fuels. Congress has mandated that biofuel use must reach 36 billion gallons annually by 2022. Vermont Law School, a private, independent institution, has the top-ranked environmental law program and one of the top-ranked clinical training programs in the nation, according to U.S.News & World Report. VLS offers a Juris Doctor curriculum that emphasizes public service, a Master of Environmental Law and Policy degree and two post-JD degrees, the Master of Laws in Environmental Law and the LLM in American Legal Studies (for international students). The school features innovative experiential programs and is home to the Environmental Law Center and the South Royalton Legal Clinic. For more information, visit www.vermontlaw.edu(link is external).last_img read more

Soccer splits games on the road in the Midwest

first_imgMatt Karatsu | Daily TrojanThe last two matches for the women’s soccer team could best be described as a roller coaster. The No. 12 Trojans split their two games over the weekend, topping Missouri and falling to Kansas.On Friday, the Trojans started their road trip in Columbia, Mo. facing off against the Tigers. Going into the game, the Trojans knew they needed to apply pressure for the entirety of the game, establish their back line and capitalize on scoring opportunities. The first half was a struggle for the Trojans. Going up against a makeshift defense — as a result of four Mizzou injuries — USC may have been expected to dominate against the Tigers early on. However, two substantial missed scoring opportunities resulted in a scoreless first half. Although the Trojans missed opportunities on offense, they were able to establish a reliable defense and limit Mizzou to four shots on net. The Tigers were left scoreless in the first half thanks to a magnificent diving save by redshirt freshman Kaylie Collins and a goal line stop on a corner kick by sophomore defender Julia Bingham.In the second half, the Trojans came out strong. Thirty seconds in, freshman forward Tara McKeown found the back of the net on a cross from redshirt junior midfielder Sydney Myers to give the Trojans the lead. After taking the lead, the Trojans did not take their feet off the pedal. Eight minutes later, the team struck again as freshman midfielder Savannah DeMelo put away a cross from fellow freshman Tara McKeown. The Trojans’ goals marked both McKeown’s and DeMelo’s first scores in Cardinal and Gold.The second half saw a dominant USC performance. But head coach Keidane McAlpine was still not satisfied with the way his team played. “It was not our best performance, but it was good to get a result tonight on the road,” McAlpine said. “We hope to get better as we head into our game on Sunday at Kansas.”If USC wants to continue to win, it must demonstrate intensity from minute one until minute 90. McAlpine and company knew that as they headed to Kansas to battle the Jayhawks. USC’s gameplay against the Jayhawks was surprisingly similar to its performance against the Tigers a couple of days prior — a lackluster first half followed by a roaring second half on offense. Unfortunately for the Trojans, this time they weren’t so lucky, as Kansas went up early with a goal from sophomore forward Katie McClure in the 13th minute. Moving into the second half, the Trojans managed to put shots on net and create scoring opportunities, but were met with resistance. In the 69th minute, the Trojans played a ball back to keeper Kaylie Collins, who was unable to field the pass. The ball bounced into the Trojans’ net to put the Jayhawks up by 2. In the 74th minute, Trojans redshirt senior forward Alex Anthony capitalized on a penalty kick to halve KU’s lead. The Trojans outshot the Jayhawks 13-6, five of which came from Anthony. Nonetheless, they were unable convert on their scoring opportunities to tie the score and fell to Kansas 2-1. “I was very disappointed with our performance in the first half,” McAlpine said. “We did not bring enough energy to compete in a game of this magnitude. We played a better second half, but when you give away 45 minutes to a good team, you don’t give yourself the best chance to win, and that’s the lesson that we learned tonight.”This game means a lot for the No. 7 Trojans, as a loss to an unranked Kansas will likely drop them in the rankings. The Trojans concluded their road trip in Kansas and return to Los Angeles to prepare for a two-game stretch against Santa Clara and Iowa State.last_img read more

LA Dodgers experiment with postseason roles in win over San Diego Padres

first_imgSAN DIEGO >> Brett Anderson, a starting pitcher to this point in his existence as a Dodger, threw 2 1/3 innings out of the bullpen Thursday. Another converted starter, Alex Wood, pitched the eighth inning. Julio Urias, who moved to the bullpen when the month began, threw three innings as a starter.In the most topsy-turvy act of all, the Dodgers knocked around a left-handed pitcher en route to a 9-4 victory over the San Diego Padres. That gave them a winning record — 22-21 — in games started by left-handed pitchers this season.In the words of Dick Enberg, who broadcasts his final Padres game Sunday: Oh my.If the Dodgers intend to fully exorcise their left-handed demons before the regular season ends, an ornery 6-foot-5 inch obstacle still stands in their way: Madison Bumgarner, who starts the opener of a three-game series against the Giants on Friday. That, and sorting out any postseason roster roles still to be determined, will be the Dodgers’ final order of business as the regular season ends. Meanwhile, the possibility of beginning the National League Division Series at home slipped further from their grasp Friday. The Washington Nationals beat the Arizona Diamondbacks earlier in the day. They lead the Dodgers by two games in the race to host the NLDS with three games left in the season.The Dodgers convincingly avoided a three-game sweep at the hands of the Padres, the fourth-place team in the National League West. Justin Turner had three of the Dodgers’ 15 hits, while Joc Pederson (2 for 5, two doubles), Carlos Ruiz (2 for 4) and Rob Segedin (2 for 3) added polish to their statistics.Whether he’s at home or on the road, pitching as a starter or reliever, Urias will be there when the playoffs begin.The 20-year-old left-hander allowed a double to Manuel Margot to begin the game, then didn’t allow another hit for three innings. Urias walked two batters and struck out five in what was likely the final appearance of his rookie season. He was removed after throwing 58 pitches. Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Errorcenter_img If his next opponent is the Nationals, Urias will finish his first major league season with a 5-2 record and a 3.39 earned-run average in 18 games (15 starts) with the Dodgers.Anderson (1-2) was credited with the victory, his first since Oct. 1, 2015. He didn’t allow a run in his first relief appearance since an October 2013 division series game for the Oakland A’s.With the Dodgers trailing 2-1 in the fourth inning, Charlie Culberson jump-started a four-run rally with a double against Padres starter Christian Friedrich (5-12). Turner tied the game 2-2 with an RBI double, then scored on a wild pitch by left-handed reliever Jose Torres.Andre Ethier appeared as a pinch hitter for the ninth time this month. His RBI single in the eighth inning gave him three hits, a walk and two RBIs coming off the bench.Andrew Toles, who will be on the NLDS roster, singled in his only plate appearance off the bench before the announced crowd of 35,804 at Petco Park.The start of the game was delayed while the Padres honored Enberg.last_img read more